Last Updated on June 23, 2023 by GMC
9th Week in Ordinary Time, Wednesday (Year II)
Question of the Sadducees
What is it like not to believe in a spiritual realm? If reality is confined only to the material, sensible world, the focus of one’s energy might be to preserve and perpetuate one’s existence in time for as long as possible—the family name and property.
A theoretical question was put to Jesus by the Sadducees, who did not believe in an afterlife or spirits: Suppose seven brothers die in succession after marrying one woman, and the woman finally dies. “At the resurrection when they arise whose wife will she be?” The Sadducees were confident that the question would expose the absurdity of an afterlife.
Jesus said to them, “Are you not misled because you do not know the Scriptures or the power of God? When they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but they are like the angels in heaven.”
There is more to life than meets the eye. The unseen realm exists, Jesus said, and it far surpasses the bodily existence of this life. What exactly the angelic life will look like for humans was not spelled out, but it certainly transcended marriage and family ties.
God of the Living
Jesus then appealed to the written Torah (the Pentateuch), which the Sadducees accepted as most authoritative: “As for the dead being raised, have you not read in the Book of Moses, in the passage about the bush, how God told him, I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? He is not God of the dead but of the living. You are greatly misled.”
The patriarchs who preceded Moses are alive, Jesus said, though again without spelling out any details of how or where. The text was given not so much as a “proof,” as words can be interpreted in many ways, but was presented from a new angle to open the eyes of the Sadducees, who had developed tunnel vision. Jesus shattered the assumption that life simply ended with death.
Disconnect Between God and Creation
The odd thing is that the Sadducees believed in the God of Moses, who is spirit. From their sect came most of the priests who performed the Temple sacrifices. If human existence was only confined to this earthly life, their God must have been very remote and cut off from earthly affairs. Spirit and matter did not touch. How shocking, then, to meet a man who claimed to be the Son of God who would rise from the dead.
The teachers of the law were unprepared for a Christ come in the flesh. “Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees,” Jesus warned (Matthew 16:6).“Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees,” Jesus warned (Matthew 16:6).
If the idea of an afterlife was unbearable to the elite of Jesus’ people, one only wonders what Jesus held back when he said, “I have much more to tell you, but you cannot bear it now” (John 16:12).